Horse gram is a legume/lentil that is familiar to many. Though there is a perception that it can be fed only for horses, it has gained popularity among nutrition rich foods. This legume is easily available in all stores and can be consumed like any other legumes/lentils. Horse gram is cultivated in large scale in India and is used by many people as a grain in regular food since ancient times. It is a staple food for many in India.
Horse gram – Names in other languages
- Scientific name – Macrotyloma Uniflorum
- English – Horse gram
- Hindi – Kulthi
- Sanskrit – Kulatthah
- Malayalam – Mutira
- Bengali – Kulthi-Kalai
- Tamil – Kollu
- Kannada – Huruli
- Telugu – Ulavalu
Horse gram is a nutrition rich lentil that can provide the below mentioned nutrition when consumed.
100gm of this lentil can provide, 321 calories of energy, 22gm of protein, 5gm of dietary fiber, 57gm of carbohydrates, 287mg of calcium, 311mg of phosphorous, 7mg of iron and 3gm of minerals.
They are also good source of phytic acid and phenolic acid that helps to regulate metabolism effectively.
There are many researches going on the therapeutic uses of horse gram. But this particular lentil has been in use since ancient times for treating and curing many health ailments.
Health benefits of horse gram
For people who has suffered digestion issues or uneasiness in the stomach, horse gram can be an effective lentil that helps digestion. It can also prevent the digestion issues getting worse and which leads to acid reflux, GERD or IBS (irritable bowel syndrome). Cooked horse gram can be consumed first thing the morning to prevent digestion issues.
Treats cold and fever
Consuming the soup or extract of horse gram can help you relieve congestion in the chest. The heat generated by this lentil, helps to melt stubborn phlegm and makes breathing easier. It also helps to flush out viruses through excretes.
Horse gram is very effective in regulating insulin resistance. It also brings the blood glucose level down and treats type II diabetes effectively. It also helps in slow digestion of food.
Alleviates menstrual symptoms
When you have severe menstrual symptoms that makes you very uncomfortable, horse gram can help you feel better. You can either cook the lentil or consume it in the form of soup.
The iron content in the lentil helps to increase the iron content in the body. Regular consumption can help you boost hemoglobin, which leads to a healthy living.
Aids smooth bowel movements
The presence of dietary fiber, helps to reduce issues with regard to constipation. It also promotes digestion. Sprouted lentils can help you treat constipation and issues with bowel movements effectively. Sprouted grams can be included in salads along with cucumber and other vegetables.
Treats peptic and mouth ulcer
The nutrition rich lentil helps to treat ulcers effectively. Consume this cooked horse gram on a regular basis to treat internal ulcers. It creates lipids when consumed internally that helps the internal organs to heal on its own.
Many women face issues with urine discharge, foul smell and discharge from vagina. These issues can be treated with regular consumption of horse gram. Inflammation, pain, irritation, foul smell and cervical pain can be treated when you consume soaked/sprouted lentil at least thrice a week.
There is one more important benefit that horse gram provides. That is weight loss.
How horse gram helps weight loss?
This lentil is gaining high importance and popularity when it comes to weight loss. They are protein rich and keeps your tummy full for a longer time. This prevents you from abnormal food craving and sugar craving.
Horse gram, when you consume regularly, it helps to directly attack the deposited fat. This lentil helps in improving the metabolism and makes the body utilize already stored fat. This helps in effective weight loss.
Horse gram also helps to reduce the amount of bad cholesterol and improves good cholesterol. This indirectly promotes good cardiovascular health.
When you combine kollu consumption along with a good physical regimen, the weight loss goal will be easily achievable.
According to me, ideal way of eating kollu or horse gram can be in the form of sprouts or soup.
How to sprout the lentil?
To make sprouts, you need to soak the lentil overnight and drain excess water. Place the soaked lentils in a piece of white cloth and hang it until sprouts are formed.
This DIY explains how to make soup out of the lentil. Soup is prepared with many other health boosting ingredients. Follow the step by step instructions to prepare the soup at home.
As a word of caution: Horse gram increases the body heat when consumed. If you find any discomfort because of increased body heat, decrease the amount of consumption.
- 1 cup Horse gram
- 1/2 teaspoon Cumin seeds
- Pepper (as required)
- 1/4 teaspoon Turmeric
- 1/2 teaspoon Salt
- 3-4 Garlic pods
- Coriander leaves (as required)
- Curry leaves (as required)
- 1 medium size Tomato
- Pepper powder (as required)
- 2 glasses Water
- To make the soup, use horse gram, cumin seeds, black pepper, garlic pods, turmeric powder, salt, pepper powder, coriander leaves and curry leaves. Coriander leaves and curry leaves are primarily used for enhancing taste and are hence optional.
- Take half a cup of horse gram (kollu).
- Add water to soak dal.
- Soak dal overnight or for 8 to 10 hours.
- Soaked dal after 8 hours is shown here.
- Chop tomato into small pieces.
- Peel and cut garlic pods.
- Chop coriander and curry leaves.
- Add black peppercorns to a mortar.
- Crush the pepper with a pestle (you can also use pepper powder instead).
- Add water to pan.
- Add soaked horse gram (kollu).
- Add chopped tomatoes.
- Add chopped garlic pods.
- Add 1/2 teaspoon crushed pepper.
- Add 1/2 teaspoon cumin seeds.
- Add 1/4 teaspoon turmeric powder.
- Add 1/2 teaspoon salt.
- Boil all the ingredients together for 30 minutes on a medium flame.
- Once boiled, switch off. Allow it to become warm. Now add the mixture to a blender.
- Blend well to make a puree.
- Transfer to a bowl.
- Add chopped coriander and curry leaves.
- Horse gram (kollu) soup is ready.