Snake bite is an injury caused by the bite of a snake, it needs immediate treatment. The common symptoms of snake bite may be swelling and redness, pain at the bite area, vomiting and nausea, difficulty in breathing, blurred vision, numbness in the face limbs, excess sweating and salivating. Poisonous snake bites need urgent treatment.
Calotropis gigantea or Madar (Erukkam in Tamil) leaves are good herbal remedy for snake bites. Take 3 to 5 Madar leaves, blend well and make a small round ball. Consume this immediately as a first aid medicine. The leaves have anti-toxic and anti-inflammatory properties in it. Thus it acts faster against snake bites.
Madar is a medicinal plant, its leaves, flowers and bark are useful for various diseases. The plant is good for skin diseases, itching, intestinal form infestation, eases bowel movements, improves digestion, and acts as a quick wound healer. The warmed leaves can be applied on painful joints, rheumatism, and wounds. Madar flowers are useful in respiratory disorders like cough, cold and asthma. The red coloured flowers are good for haemorrhoids, bleeding disorder, diarrhea and abdominal tumours. The root bark is useful for cold, cough, constipation and indigestion.
The milky discharge of the plant has anti-dysentric, anti-rheumatic, abortifacient, anti-syphilitic, spasmogenic, anti-fungal, carminative, and diaphoretic properties in it. All these properties are helpful in treating bronchial asthma, leprosy, and many skin diseases. The plant milk can also be applied topically on piles. The mixture of plant milk and turmeric can be placed over the skin diseases. The latex or plant milk is also good for cavity and foot blisters.
Recently a research found that the leaves and flowers have significant anti-diabetic activity. Both are effective to lower down the serum glucose.
Calotropis gigantea (L.) R.Br. Vernacular name: Arka (Sundargarh district, Orissa, India) Fresh root with milk of cow, is ground to a fine paste and taken as an antidote for snakebite by the people of Sundargarh district, Orissa, India.
Prusti AB, Behera KK. Ethno-Medico Botanical Study of Sundargarh District, Orissa, India. Ethnobotanical Leaflets. 2007b;11:148–163.
The methanolic extract of Calotropis gigantea was evaluated for its efficacy to neutralize various actions of the venom like lethality, necrotizing activity, edema forming activity and haemorrahgic activity. Present study confirms the anti snake venom activity of alcoholic extract of C. gigantea (Madar leaves).
Chacko, N., Ibrahim, M., Shetty, P. & Shastry, C., 2015. Evaluation Of Antivenom Activity Of Calotropis Gigantea Plant Extract Against Vipera Russelli Snake Venom. International Journal Of Pharmaceutical Sciences And Research.
Follow the simple DIY and know how to treat snake bites with madar (Erukkam) leaves.