Gestational Diabetes is a type of diabetes that affects a woman during pregnancy. Though it causes various problems if not brought under control, it is manageable with regular monitoring and healthy food.
Research says that there is no particular reason that causes GD. It might be hereditary or lifestyle impact or obesity. This type of diabetes usually goes away after delivering the baby. There are very fewer chances of a woman getting diabetes through GD, post-delivery. There are many medicines that help you monitor and keep diabetes under control, natural ways of treating diabetes can do no harm.
There are multiple ways to keep it under control and have a healthy baby and smooth labor.
Fenugreek seeds are one of the common items we have in our kitchen cabinets. To treat GD, all you have to do is soak fenugreek seeds overnight in water. The next day, the fenugreek extract water can be diluted with plain water and consumed throughout the day. If you like the taste of the soaked seeds, you can chew on them too.
Bitter gourd is one of the effective natural food that helps you control diabetes. You can consume this juice on a regular basis to manage GD. Though the taste is very bitter, it is worth consuming the juice.
Tanner’s Cassia tea
This herb can be sourced in any natural herbs shop or you can collect the flowers directly from a tanner’s cassia tree. This herb not only helps to control diabetes, but it also improves muscle and core body strength.
Fenugreek and Insulin leaves
There is a classic recipe that helps in controlling diabetes effectively. This salad can be consumed every day and there is no harm in it. It not only helps in having GD under control, it also serves as a mid-day snack.
There are many other natural foods that can help you control diabetes along with regular physical exercise.
What are gestational diabetes and the associated symptoms?
Gestational diabetes is also called as carbohydrate intolerance during pregnancy. Or in simple words, a woman without any history of diabetes suffers high blood sugar levels only during pregnancy. Hormonal changes, weight gain, or hereditary can be causes of insulin resistance. But most of the time, reasons may not be known.
Diagnosis of GD
According to Carpenter and Coustan’s methodology, GD is diagnosed using a 100gm Glucose Tolerance Test.
- Fasting 95 mg/dl
- 1 hour 180 mg/dl
- 2 hours 155 mg/dl
- 3 hours 140 mg/dl
According to the National Diabetes Data Group, GD is diagnosed by
- Fasting 105 mg/dl
- 1 hour 190 mg/dl
- 2 hours 165 mg/dl
- 3 hours 145 mg/dl
Symptoms of gestational diabetes:
- Unusually thirsty
- Frequent urination
- Feeling tired
- Bladder infection
- Blurred vision
Is as scary as it sounds?
Though you can bring it under control by proper diet and exercise, GD can be of little risk to both mother and child. GD might cause
- Pre-term labor
- UTI and vulvovaginitis
- Maternal distress
- Diabetic nephropathy and retinopathy
- Heart disease
What precautions do we need to take to have it under control?
Diet and physical activity help one to prevent excessive weight gain which in turn reduces the severity of GD.
Healthy food – eating fresh foods and avoiding processed and packaged foods help you control GD. Whole-grain foods with plenty of vegetables are ideal foods during pregnancy.
Stay Active – Yoga or minimum duration of floor workout and walking can help you bring insulin under control
Why do women get GD? Is it genetic?
In most of the cases, the reason for the cause of GD is unknown. Pregnancy hormones – estrogen, cortisol, and lactogen, might indirectly block insulin, which is called the contra-insulin effect. This usually starts about 20 to 24 weeks into the pregnancy.
Risk factors associated with GDM
- Family history of diabetes
- Previous diagnosis of gestational diabetes
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
What are the foods that we need to avoid?
- Sugary foods
- High starchy food
- Processed foods
Are there supplements that help to control GD?
There are no supplements needed. Close monitoring of carbohydrates intake and regular check-ups can help to control and manage GD effectively.
- Low-glycemic index foods
- Do not skip meals
- Include more protein
Will GD recur during the second pregnancy?
Yes, there is a possibility that a previous diagnosis of GD can recur during the second pregnancy.
Does GD affect the fetus?
If it not monitored and is not controlled, GD could have some effects on the fetus.
- Increased weight of the baby
- Respiratory issues
- Childhood obesity
- Diabetes in children
Will the affected person get diabetes after delivery?
Gestational diabetes generally goes away once the baby is born.
Any additional tips?
Apart from regular exercise and controlled food, homeopathic Remedies for gestational diabetes does not cause any sort of side-effects and it is safe for the mother/baby.
- Ahmed, A. M., 2002. History of Diabetes Mellitus. s.l.:s.n.
- Johanson, R. et al., 1992. Effect of post‐delivery care on neonatal body temperature. ACTA PAEDIATRICA, 81(11), pp. 859-863.
- King, M. G., Chandran, U., Olson, S. H. & Demissie, K., 2013. Consumption of sugary foods and drinks and risk of endometrial cancer. Springer Link, 09 May.
- Schardein, J. L., 1980. Congenital abnormalities and hormones during pregnancy: A clinical review. Teratology, 22(3), pp. 251-270.
- Tiran, D., 2003. The use of fenugreek for breast feeding women. Complementary Therapies in Nursing and Midwifery, pp. 155-156.